IELTS Writing Practice : People are now living longer than ever before

IELTS WRITING TASK 2, Essay Sample, IELTS Writing Practice, IELTS Writing test samples with answers
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:

In many countries, people are now living longer than ever before. Some people say an ageing population creates problems for governments. Other people think there are benefits if society has more elderly people.

To what extent do the advantages of having an ageing population outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

sample Answer
In various nations, people are living longer lives, resulting in a growing number of elderly individuals. This essay critically assesses the pros and cons of this demographic change and argues that, despite some advantages, the drawbacks of an ageing population are more significant.

One notable benefit of an ageing population is the rich experience and wisdom older individuals offer to society. For example, in Japan, where a sizable portion of the populace is elderly, there exists a valuable reservoir of knowledge and expertise among older generations. This expertise is crucial for mentoring younger individuals and ensuring the preservation and transmission of cultural and societal wisdom. Another advantage is the potential economic contribution of older citizens. Many retirees engage in part-time work or entrepreneurial activities, leveraging their extensive experience and skills. This not only benefits them personally but also bolsters the overall economy.

However, a major drawback of an ageing population is the strain it places on healthcare systems. Older individuals often require more extensive medical care, including treatment for chronic conditions and age-related ailments. In countries like Italy, which has a significant elderly population, this strain has resulted in a substantial burden on healthcare systems, leading to long waiting times for surgeries and specialized care. Another significant downside is the potential strain on pension and social welfare systems. With more people retiring and fewer young individuals entering the workforce, these demographic shifts can strain pension and social welfare programs, potentially causing economic instability and increased taxes for the working population.

In conclusion, while there are advantages to having an ageing population, such as their wealth of experience and potential economic contributions, the disadvantages, including strain on healthcare and social welfare systems, outweigh the benefits.

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